Lets say you want to travel from point A to point B and you are given 3 options. Option A is a straight path but with many obstacles, option B is longer but with fewer obstacles and Option C is the longest path but with no obstacles. How would you determine which path will get you from point A to B in the shortest time? Well, one way is to basically use trial and error and test out all options. But is that a viable strategy? What if there are over a hundred options with many options seemingly identical at first look? …


In recent years, a new phase in the industrial revolution which is commonly known as Industrial 4.0 has caused a sensation in the industrial sector and has totally transformed the face of the current market. This paradigm shift has brought a significant impact in our society, especially in the employment sector.

A Paradigm Shift

In fact, every new era of the industrial revolution will completely alter the existing employment trend and societal development. For example, the first industrial revolution, and arguably the one that is most known, introduces mechanization driven by steam power. The mechanization of crafts means that previously difficult tasks requiring a life-long learning and mastering can be done with relative ease. …


To stay ahead in the game in the world of competition, the mobile operators or service providers always promote and offer better quality of service for their customers with the hope of attracting more customers or subscribers.

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What if this mobile operator is newly established and all the users have already subscribed to different operators? Here is one business case, suppose there are 10,000 users in this one area, and there are 3 mobile operators (A, B, and C) which provide the mobile phones services. …


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Take a close look at the picture above. How much do you think this piece of metal cost? The “thing” shown above illustrates a hollow metal piece and for the majority of people, it is considered as a mere piece of hollow “scrap” metal. However, as the saying goes, one man’s trash is another man’s treasure, this hollow metal piece is indeed valuable to a certain group of people. It might be absurd, but this piece of “scrap” metal actually cost hundreds of dollars.

Here is the fun fact. Big industries such as Nokia, Huawei, Broadcom, and so on are willing to spend billions of dollars to produce or purchase these “scrap” metals. Now the question is why are these “scrap” metals so important and sought after by these industries? …


Many of us probably have heard news of the 5G competition between vendors such as Huawei, Ericson, Nokia and etc. Often than not, the topic shift into becoming a political issue between countries, since whoever wins determining the dominant status. Examples can be seen by the many sanctions, termination of services and supply chain against the tech giant Huawei which is very much speculated to be aimed at suppressing Huawei’s progress into releasing its 5G technology. …


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In the past, being able to communicate in far distance seems to be magic. Now this “magic” is actualized in the form of wireless communication.

The development of the first analogue communication, which is called the first generation (1G) is considered a quantum leap in the progress of wireless technology. As the years progress, researchers and industries have been working hard towards the development of next generations of mobile communications. From the timeline, we will notice a new generation of wireless technology appears at approximately every 10 years:- 1980 (1G), 1990 (2G), 2000 (3G), 2010 (4G), and 2020 (5G).

Looking at the trend, a new generation of mobile communication only comes to us especially the rest of the world after almost a decade after the previous one, with it taking 5 to 10 years for the current generation to be fully deployed and matured. As of 2020, most of us in many parts of the world are enjoying the full capabilities of the current 4G technology and many more countries are expanding their 4G network to cover the entire nation. …


In recent time, the term 5G and IOT are the two most-used words ranging from academia, engineers, researchers to big players like industries and multinational corporations. The new generation of wireless communications, 5G, is believed to be a profound revolution of wireless technology in terms of connectivity, GBits data rate, huge bandwidths, and very low latency.

This promising technology has given birth to many other applications to enhance the whole sustainable ecosystem in the emergent industry 4.0, internet of things (IOT), cloud service, human welfare and many more aspects of the human civilization. …


Teachers have always been an integral part in society in training up generations to be functional citizens in the society. Often times, industry and academia are closely related. Both are mutually supportive with the industry pointing academia to the right direction in syllabus, keeping them updated with the latest technology, and academia providing the human resources needed for the industry by equipping them with the right knowledge and skill sets needed by workers in the industry. Today, lets explore how the education system is expected to adapt moving forward.

I believe the majority of us have in our schooling years gone through the teaching method known as the conventional teaching approach. This method is vastly used worldwide where the education was delivered through recitation and memorization techniques. This teaching method are often done in a face to face classroom setting where it requires instructors and students to have basic materials such as chalk, marker and board, pen and paper to demonstrate the examples in class. The approach is more instructor-oriented rather than student-oriented where instructors are the main key focal people in conducting the classes. …


The 3G is the first mobile broadband makes it possible for us to surf internet on a smart phone after the 2G digital voice which can only provide wireless telephone calls and short message service (SMS). The 4G mobile internet delivered speed that enabled video streaming and caused a boom in the app development industry, which very much rely on the 4G speed. In retrospect, the 3G and LTE/4G networks have given us the so called modern connected world. By now they had laid the foundation for good connectivity around the globe. It should have been enough, or is it? …


Even during peacetime, world politics has a direct influence on the development and breakthrough of technologies. This stems from the desire to be the first to dominate, exert influence and establish monopoly. Take for example the space race, in the 1950s the two Cold War rivals, the Soviet Union and the United States are competing to achieve space flight capabilities. The race was evaluated based on technological, industrial and talents recruitment. It directly effects the level of influence as well as status quo of the two countries as superpowers in the world. This is because by achieving spaceflight, the technological edge directly impacts the Arms Race between the both countries. …

About

Filpal

FILPAL designs, and builds RF and Microwave software and hardware for Cellular, Military, Academia and Test & Measurement applications. http://www.filpal.com

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